Huawei completed the Symphony in B minor by Franz Schubert – better known as “the unfinished” – using Artificial Intelligence. This immediately raises the question: how will AI shape our understanding of art and change the scene?
In 1822 – almost 200 years ago – the Austrian composer Franz Schubert wrote his Symphony in B minor.
Today, the work is often referred to as “the unfinished,” because after Schubert’s death, it turned out that he had completed only two movements of the piece. Franz Schubert had begun a third movement, but never completed it.
Why Franz Schubert had not completed his symphony is not known. There are a variety of theses among music historians.
One of them is, for example, that Franz Schubert already considered his work to be complete with only two movements. Therefore, the composer never finished his draft of the third movement because it was not necessary. But that’s speculation.
Huawei completes the work of Franz Schubert by KI
It is clear, however, that since then, many musicians and composers have tried to complete “the unfinished”. Really successful, that’s not yet. The latest attempt does not come from a human, but from an artificial intelligence (AI).
Behind it is the Chinese technology group Huawei. He wanted to show how advanced the AI of the new Smartphone Mate 20 Pro is already.
To finish “the unfinished,” Huawei fed the AI with the first two movements and other pieces by Franz Schubert. From this, the AI developed a possible end to the third movement, which in turn was subsequently rounded off by the film composer Lucas Cantor.
The result was presented by the Chinese group at the beginning of February 2019 in London at Cadogan Hall.
Artificial intelligence and art: how is this relationship developing?
Also in this case, the ratings of the completed third sentence differed. From the praise for the work to the criticism that the result has nothing in common with the first two movements, the full bandwidth was covered.
Especially the latter criticism is actually a very big compliment to the AI of Huawei. After all, art just makes it clear that it does not follow logical patterns. Just think of the twelve-tone music or the works of Joseph Beuys.
These works are unexpected, unplanned and without a big pattern. Nevertheless, this is art. Anyone who criticizes Artificial Intelligence for breaking out of the classical pattern would have to criticize many artists. Because according to fixed rules does not always run from there.
Fittingly, Julian Kramer, Chief Experience Ambassador at Adobe, comments in an interview:
I always reply that in art it is the person who lends things the status of art.
The question is: what makes us human? Can a computer with more sensory intelligence better analyze and then simulate our own emotional states? I dont know. But when we are able to ask interesting questions, we quickly come up with new questions.
Perhaps Artificial Intelligence does not pose any danger to art, but rather an exciting addition. By analyzing millions of data, it is possible to create works that otherwise would have been accidental in the human brain.
And in the end, we decide to people if there is some art or if it can “go away”.
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